6,7,8

The difference in the color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to:
None of these answers are correct; there is no difference.
the fact that crayons are made for children, while pastels are made for artists.
the use of different binders.
the fact that these media do not need a binding agent.
the use of liquid pigmentation.
the different use of binders
A traditional metalpoint ground recipe calls for a mixture of:
bone ash.
white pigment.
water.
glue.
All of the answers are correct.
all
Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to:
suggest that the dancer is being viewed through a window.
make sure the figure would fit on the page.
None of these answers are correct.
make the drawing easier to copy.
double-check the dancer’s proportions.
making the drawin easier to copy
Leonardo da Vinci used drawings to explore ideas in:
mathematics.
engineering.
art.
science.
All of these answers are correct.
all
Pen and ink was the favorite sketching medium of ________, one of the greatest draftsmen of the 17th century.
Rembrandt
All of these answers are correct.
Lippi
Picasso
Degas
rembrant
What part of the pen conveys the ink to the drawing surface?
None of these answers are correct.
The quill
The nib
The calligraphic
The twig
the nib
Vonne Jacquette’s Three Mile Island, Night I uses the medium of:
chalk.
white pigment.
charcoal.
All of the answers are correct.
pastel.
charcoal
The ________ are credited with the invention of paper around 105 C.E.
Persians
Greeks
Chinese
Egyptians
Romans
chinese
Which of the following media is the most common of all drawing media?
Metalpoint
Conté crayon
Pastel
Graphite pencil
Pen and ink
graphite pencil
Because this 20th-century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work.
Rembrandt
Ingres
van Gogh
Degas
Picasso
picassso
In Shahzia Sikander’s I from 51 Ways of Looking, _________ was used as the medium.
graphite
conté crayon
None of the answers are correct.
chalk
ink
graphite
The predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the Renaissance, is:
crayon.
pen and ink.
pastel.
metalpoint.
charcoal.
metalpoint
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as:
binder.
aquatint.
pastel.
wash.
pigment.
pigment
In metalpoint, lines are drawn with a silver ________ onto a surface coated with a preliminary coating of paint.
toothpick
wire
dart
dagger
coin
wire
The style used by Georges Seurat in Café-concert is:
pointillism.
impressionistic.
surrealism.
realism.
conceptual art.
pointilism
Julie Mehretu’s use of the rapidograph and translucent mylar intentionally evokes:
computer graphics.
engravings.
newspaper layout.
architectural drafting.
discotheques.
architectural drafting
An example of a liquid medium in drawing is:
None of these answers are correct.
silverpoint.
ink.
pastel.
graphite.
ink
Chris Ofili created Prince among Thieves with Flowers using ________ as his medium.
wash
brush and ink
pencil
charcoal
pen and ink
pencil
________ is/are among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings.
Fired clay
Papyrus
Silk
All of these answers are correct.
Cave walls
NOTTTTTTTTT papyrus
After building a canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of:
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fresco.
a nonaqueous medium.
primer.
linseed oil.
None of these answers are correct
primer
Picasso and Braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create:
mosaics.
collages.
tapestries.
None of these answers are correct.
egg tempera.
collages
Which of the following is an example of a nonaqueous medium?
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Oil paint
None of these answers are correct.
Watercolor
Acrylic
Fresco
oil paint
In fresco painting, a drawing called a ________ is transferred to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment.
gouache
collage
mosaic
sketch
cartoon
cartoon
By the 1950s, this new synthetic paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium. What is it?
Encaustic
Collage
Gouache
Tempera
Acrylic
acrylic
Pope Julius II employed which two Italian Renaissance artists to paint frescoes for him?
Vermeer and Van Eyck
Rivera and Kahlo
Donatello and Titian
Van Gogh and Gauguin
Michelangelo and Raphael
miichelangelo and rephael
Watercolor’s primary characteristic is its:
transparency.
textural qualities.
ease of revision.
permanency.
opacity.
transperency
________ is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it.
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Gouache
None of these answers are correct.
Impasto
Encaustic
Fresco
gouache
The painting technique used in the first century in Egypt, Greece, and Rome that involves the use of wax is:
encaustic.
oil paint.
fresco.
acrylic.
tempera.
encaustic
Two ancient painting media that are still in use today are:
gouache and oils.
gouache and fresco.
acrylics and oils.
collage and acrylics.
encaustic and fresco.
encaustic and fresco
One of the advantages of oil painting is that it dries very slowly. This allows for:
an almost infinite range of consistencies.
the application of layers of paint on top of one another.
All of these answers are correct.
the painting to be reworked indefinitely.
a subtle blending of colors.
all
Technically, tempera is paint in which the vehicle is in:
an emulsion.
a glaze.
an impasto.
a pigment.
a ground.
emulsion
Traditional Chinese artists used _________, the oldest painting medium in continuous use.
ink sticks
acrylic
watercolor
gouache
encaustic paint
ink sticks
A nonaqueous paint is one that:
dissolves in something other than water.
dissolves in water.
is less expensive than most.
produces the most brilliant colors.
is very fast-drying.
dissolves in something other than water
he 20th-century master of the fresco technique who created the work Mixtec Culture is:
Raphael.
Pablo Picasso.
Diego Rivera.
Frida Kahlo.
Georges Braque.
diego rivera
The first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was:
Michelangelo.
Oskar Kokoschka.
Leonardo da Vinci.
Georgia O’Keeffe.
Jan van Eyck.
jan van eyck
hat is pigment in paint?
A binder
A vehicle
A solvent
A powdered color
A medium
a powdered color
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as:
a pigment.
a support.
a ground.
a border.
a binder.
binder
In buon fresco, or true fresco, pigment is mixed with water and applied to:
stretched canvas.
hot beeswax.
raw silk.
dry plaster.
wet plaster.
wet plaster
Lithography is a __________ process, which means that the printing surface is flat, not raised.
relief
planographic
serigraphy
etching
intaglio
planographic
In printmaking, where multiple images are made from the same original design, each individual print is called:
a burr.
a burin.
an edition.
an impression.
an etching.
impression
The earliest known printed book contains the earliest surviving woodcut image. The book was made in the 9th century C.E. in:
China.
Egypt.
None of these answers are correct.
Germany.
Spain.
china
A rubber stamp creates what type of print?
Lithograph
Silkscreen
Relief
None of these answers are correct.
Intaglio
relief
Although wood engraving sounds like an intaglio process, it is actually a ________ process.
photographic
relief
monotype
planography
serigraphy
relief
Which is NOT one of the four basic printmaking processes?
Lithography
Gouache
Relief
Intaglio
Screenprinting
gouche
Which of the following printing techniques is especially capable of producing subtle shades of gray?
Drypoint
Linocut
Mezzotint
Engraving
All these answers are correct.
mezzotint
In printmaking, a plate or block will be canceled so that:
a new image may be printed from it.
the printmaker can properly register the prints.
no more prints can be made from it.
ink can be applied to it for printing.
the artist may rework his or her ideas anew.
no more prints can be made from it
A good example of the use of aquatint in creating areas of unmodulated, translucent color is the print:
Standard Station by Ed Ruscha.
Hasta La Muerte by Francisco de Goya.
Preface to the Diamond Sutra.
Untitled (Sequoia and Moon) by Vija Celmins.
Woman Bathing by Mary Cassatt.
woman bathing by mar cassatt
The printing technique invented by a German playwright in search of an inexpensive means of publishing his plays is:
lithography.
stone relief.
serigraphy.
aquatint.
wood engraving.
lithography
What are the two main differences between prints and most other forms of art?
None of these answers are correct.
Prints are always machine-made and relatively inexpensive.
Prints are made using an indirect process and this process results in multiples of the same image.
Prints are copies of works of art and don’t involve artists in the production process.
Prints have very little resale value and are a poor investment for collectors.
prints are made using an indirect process and this proces results
Printing impressions on top of one another from separate blocks in order to achieve full-color woodcut prints requires careful alignment of the paper, known as:
monoprinting.
serigraphy.
registration.
multiples.
intaglio.
NOOOT monoprinting
One of the main differences between the intaglio and the relief printing processes is that with intaglio the ink ________ the surface of the printing plate.
lies below
None of these answers are correct.
is forced through
lies above
lies even with
lies below
Singing Their Songs was created by:
Louise Bourgeois.
Elizabeth Catlett.
Enrique Chagoya.
Francisco de Goya.
Vija Celmins.
elizabeth catlett
Except in the case of ________, identical multiple impressions are printed to create editions in printmaking.
monotypes
intaglio prints
relief prints
screenprints
planographic prints
monotypes
Serigraphy means, literally:
“screenprinting.”
“sketching.”
“squeegee.”
“silk writing.”
“stencil work.”
silk writing
hich of the following is NOT one of the techniques of intaglio printing?
Etching
Engraving
Linocut
Mezzotint
Aquatint
linocut
The earliest-known woodcut was made in:
India.
Italy.
Japan.
Germany.
China.
china
The idea that a print is made from a matrix has been altered by the use of ________ to make prints.
the planographic process
monotypes
silkscreen
lithographic stone
an artist-quality printer
an artist-quality printer