Abnormal Psych Test 2

Shelley experiences persistent feelings of detachment from herself, as if she were observing herself from outside her body. The experience is so intense that she often has trouble remembering who she is and functioning in a coherent manner. Shelley most likely suffers from:
a dissociative disorder
Conversion disorder symptoms generally appear
following a traumatic event
When considering all the factors that influence the development of psychological disorders, it seems that the ____________ is unique in the extent of its role in eating disorders.
influence of society and culture
Although ECT (electroconvulsive therapy) has been a controversial issue for decades, it is an effective treatment for depression, especially when
patient response to antidepressant medication is poor
Persistent depressive disorder differs (PDD) from major depressive disorder (MDD) because people diagnosed with PDD have symptoms of depression that are
longer-lasting
Jane is diagnosed with Bipolar II disorder. You can expect that she will experience
hypomanic episodes
An example of factitious disorder imposed on another is
deliberative actions directed toward making a child sick
One symptom of a mood disorder is anhedonia, which means
an inability to experience pleasure
Which of the following statements is true with regard to drug treatments for patients with anorexia nervosa?
medications have not generally been found to be effective for the treatment of anorexia nervosa
Susan, a woman of relatively normal weight, sometimes eats huge quantities of junk food with no ability to stop herself. She follows this with long periods of complete fasting. Based on this information, Susan would
be diagnosed with bulimia nervosa
Current research into neurotransmitter systems has produced the “permissive” hypothesis, which means that
when serotonin levels are low, other neurotransmitter systems become dysregulated and contribute to mood irregularities
During a fugue state, patients diagnosed with dissociative fugue
travel and typically experience memory loss during their trip
Which medication prescribed for depression would you need to be cautious about which foods you eat?
MAO inhibitors
Most individuals with bulimia nervosa are
of fairly normal body weight
Clinical studies have shown that the favorable response rate for patients taking antidepressant medications is _______ percent.
50
Which of the following 8-year child should most likely receive a diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder?
Mary Ann, who can’t help snapping at her parents and feelings an overwhelming irritability that she feels uncomfortable
Which of the following is classified as a somatic symptom or related disorder?
illness anxiety disorder
Which of the following factors contribute to the integrative theory of depression?
stressful life events, stress hormones, and neurotransmitters
Which of the following statements is true about factitious disorders?
There is no obvious reason for voluntarily producing symptoms
Joe just ate six chilidogs and drank a liter of soda. If Joe suffers form illness anxiety disorder, he would probably interpret any resulting stomach discomfort as
a sign that something is seriously wrong with his stomach
Loss of physical functioning without any physical cause is most likely a case of
conversion disorder
Individuals with dissociative identity disorder generally
have several distinct personalities
Which of the following is a symptom of a manic episode?
grandiosity
In recent years, a trend of ____________ children with bipolar disorder has become problematic.
over-diagnosing
In studies of bipolar patients who experience rapid cycling, it has been found that as many as 90 percent are ________.
female
Two forms of maladaptive eating patterns associated with obesity are ___________ and ____________.
binge eating disorder; night eating syndrome
The common aspect of all somatic symptom disorders is a set of
excessive or maladaptive responses to physical symptoms or to associated health concerns
All of the following have been implicated in the development and maintenance of somatic symptom disorders EXCEPT
a specific hypochondriac gene
Depersonalization is defined as
altered perception including loss of the sense of one’s own reality
Which of the following is usually a component of a major depressive episode?
cognitive disturbance, somatic/vegetative symptoms, and loss of interest/motivation
A hypomanic episode refers to
a shorter and less severe form of a manic episode with less impairment in functioning
Considering the terms used to differentiate mood disorders, cyclothymic is to dysthymic as
bipolar is to major depressive
With regard to the prevalence of mood disorders, it has been consistently found that
females experience major depressive disorders less frequently than males
Martin Seligman’s theory that people become anxious and depressed because they believe that they have no control over the stress in their lives is informed by
the learned helplessness model
In Aaron Beck’s depressive cognitive triad, individuals think negatively about all of the following EXCEPT
moral principles
Jody sometimes eats more than just about any other girl that you know. You wonder if her eating sometimes could be considered bingeing. In order to determine this, you would have to know
whether eating gets to be out of her control
The drug treatment that is associated most with prevention of reuptake of serotonin within the synapses and is the most common type of drug prescribed for major depression is:
SSRIS
Who is more likely to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa?
Tricia, a 16-year old girl who is a ballerina
The major health risk form frequent vomiting due to bulimia nervosa is:
a potassium imbalance
Treatment for binge-eating disorder typically includes:
addressing deep emotional issues, discouraging food deprivation, and restoration of a normal eating pattern
How long must individuals display symptoms to be diagnosed with major depression?
14 days
What is the specifier for mood disorders that is seen around the same time of year (usually winter time) for at least 2 years in a row
seasonal pattern
Which treatment is sometimes associated with seizures, but used as a resort for individuals who have not had successful outcome with previous treatments?
ECT
What is the treatment that encourages clients to start engaging in activities despite low motivation. The belief that engaging in activities will improve client’s mood?
behavioral activation
Which is not an effective treatment according to the male comedian who discussed his history with anorexia nervosa?
feeding him Crisps
What drug was popularized in the 1990’s for depression and was the main topic of a video shown about depression?
prozac
Suicide has been associated with which of the following?
mood disorders, substance abuse, and eating disorders
Which disorder is associated with the highest mortality rate?
anorexia nervosa
What would not be an example of malingering?
going to the doctor because you think you are sick after ingesting a poisonous substance