We have seen what happens when drinking is banned by the history of the prohibition it was made the forbidden fruit, this is the same way young adults see it today and once they get hold of it is over indulge in unsafe ways. The legal age to Join the army, vote and pay taxes is 18; at the age of 18 you are seen and treated as an adult but you cannot buy alcohol until the age of 21 . Today teens are far more sophisticated than past generations. They’re treated less like children and have more responsibilities at a younger age.
The legal minimum drinking age should be changed to 18, but at the same time there needs to be stronger education on drinking while these young adults are still in school, so they can understand that it’s k not to drink, but if they ecocide to, they will know how to in safe and moderate ways. In parts of the Western world young adults are allowed to dinking, but unlike the United States they were taught to drink moderately under controlled environments. Though alcohol consumption in France and Spain is higher than in the United States, the rate of alcoholism and alcohol abuse is much lower (Localhost, 571).
This is because these young adults were taught who to drink safely from, their environment and elders, where they can see and experience the affects of alcohol in safe ways. The legal minimum drinking age of 21 is clearly not working, there are more and more college students ages 18-24 from 1998 to 2001 find themselves in “alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths [that has] increased from nearly 1600 to more than 1700, an increase of 6% per college population” (Hongs, 259). Drinking occurs frequently within the college environment.
It was reported that 87. 3% of college students under the legal minimum drinking age had tried alcohol, when 50% reported heavily drinking in the past year (Clap, 275). Heavy drinking can cause many consequences, room mild ones as hangovers to severe problems such as suicide attempts and death. Although mild problems like hangovers are most common, “the heavy use of alcohol among college students has been estimated to result in approximately 1,400 deaths and another 500,000 alcohol-related traumas each year”(Clap, 275).
Research done by Minor and Tattletale, shows that the minimum legal drinking age has only a minor effect on teen drinking. College students under the age of 21 are drinking in uncontrolled environments, they are left to learn for themselves how to drink at a moderate and safe rate. This learning process cannot be approached in these unsupervised environments, where young adults play drinking games and form ruinous drinking habits. The environment witch you are drinking in can relate to h and how much alcohol you consume.
Many concerns come with the discussion of lowering the drinking age; one of those main issues is drinking and driving. It is try that teens are less experienced than adult drivers and that “the teen traffic fatal rate (defined as deaths of 16-19-year-olds per population) is nearly double the rat for adults aged 25 and older [these denoted by miles of travel]” (Dee, 91), though t is seen that, that number has decreased 50% in the past years due to the higher mileage rate and road time teens are driving now then back in 1983 shown by De and Evans research.
Examination done by Minor and Tattletale demonstrates the the current law of a minimum drinking age has nothing to do with drunken driving deaths. The graph below compares the minimum legal drinking age (MILD) with t fatality rate per vehicle miles traveled (VIM) each year from 1933-2004. Note that the fatality rate is on the decline throughout the time period, although t exult may be seen as an improvement of car safety it strictly deals with the affect impaired drivers (320).
This issue of drinking and driving is big Just in general not just for young adults. There are nearly 1. 4 million driving-while-impaired arrests t occur in the United States each year this is of the age group greater or equal to 21 the drinking age limit is not what we really need to focus on; it’s the stricter enforcement and better education on drunk driving. Research done by Wagnerian and Toomey, shows that the legal drinking age topic has “little or no research in the ere-reviewed scientific literature” (687).
Young adults are far more aware of the risks of drinking, that it can cause them to be confused, to vomit, alter their Tempe causing them to be dangerously angry, slow down their breathing, turn skin pale, become cold and clammy but the most important one is the risk of death from eve consumption or putting themselves in dangerous situations that can cause fatal themselves, and/or other people (Hongs, 560). Although young adults are more aware of effects of alcohol there is still more they can learn, thus continuing educating the public and people under the legal drinking age of 21 about the fee of alcohol is important.
A research done by Planked and Boer found that after a 1 minute peer educated speech on safe moderate drinking was performed “adolescents had a more realistic view of their alcohol intake, more frequently perceived alcohol intake of their friends as binge drinking, and reported a higher intention to drink less alcohol in the future”(35). If only a 10 minute speech could change the behavior and knowledge about drink, imagine the effects of a 30 mini lass once or twice a month could have on young adults, which will be with them their whole lives.