Government influence to fertility rates Essay

Evaluate the impact of government’s influence on the proximate variables in attempting to achieve a desired fertility rate If follows that if the cost of living and the cost of having children limits family size, then government pollens towards taxation and family welfare are also gallants Influences on how many children a couple will have. Such government pollens generally Include family planning programmers, financial Incentives to control/ increase family size, and the provision of health care facilities.

Governments can adopt one of three attitudes or sets of policies with respect to their population: a pr- natal view, by which an increase in fertility is promoted, an anti-natal view, by which a decrease in fertility is promoted or a neutral view which is indifferent about population growth or decline. In the Leeds, there is a large scale population growth in Leeds and population growth can be reduced through reducing the fertility rate of a woman. The TFH of a woman of 2. 1 Is needed for a country’s population size to remain stable.

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It can be achieved through Increasing the availability of family planning services and interception, Informing people about the Importance of family planning and contraception, reducing Infant mortality rates as large females are often regarded as an Insurance against child deaths, Improving the economic base of the country so that there are fewer rural people who have large families to work on family farms, improving government care and financial provision for the elderly, so that couples do not have a large family to care for them in their old age, increasing the age at which women marry, and improving the role and status of women within a country’s economy and improving education facilities for girls and women. There are 2 main approaches to the introduction of population control polices, using incentives for reducing family size, such as cash benefits, lower taxes, social housing or education benefits. Or using disincentives such as loss of social benefits or increased taxes if a couple has more than the number of children recommended by the government.

China Is the world’s largest country with a population of 1. 2 billion In 2000, about 20% of the world’s total. Family planning Is a basic state policy of china In order to make the population growth compatible with the plan for socio-economic development ND it is stated that each married couple is obliged to practice family planning according to its constitution. With such a vast population, China as a OLD has a considerable responsibility to ensure that the future growth of its population is controlled. Ay Grandchildren then government policies towards taxation and family welfare are also significant influences on how many children a couple will have.

Such government policies generally include family planning programmers, financial incentives to control/ decrease in fertility is promoted or a neutral view which is indifferent about Oman of 2. Is needed for a country’s population size to remain stable. It can be achieved through increasing the availability of family planning services and contraception, informing people about the importance of family planning and contraception, reducing infant mortality rates as large families are often regarded as an insurance against child deaths, improving the economic base of the country so Omen marry, and improving the role and status of women within a country’s China is the world’s largest country with a population of 1. 2 billion in 2000.