Basically, all the cells in the body except those involved with reproduction.
Gametes- sperm and egg cells. Made by meiosis with ½ the regular number of chromosomes in them.
Gene mutation involving changes in one or a few nucleotides.
A chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and causes a mutation.
A mutagen that causes cancer
sickle cell anemia
A human genetic disease of red blood cells caused by the substitution of a single amino acid in the hemoglobin protein; it is the most common inherited disease among African Americans.
mutation that shifts the “reading” frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide
A change in the chromosome structure, resulting in new gene combinations.
Usually a balanced mutation if no genetic material lost Just switch one part of one chromosome for another on another- fair trade
loss of a portion of a chromosome, can be a huge problem if key genes are involved
the insertion of a repeated piece of the chromosome
Mutation in which a chromosome piece reattaches to original chromosome but in reverse orientation
An error in meiosis or mitosis, in which both members of a pair of homologous chromosomes or both sister chromatids fail to move apart properly.
Condition in which an organism has extra sets of chromosomes
A mutation that occurs in the body cells. Cannot be inherited.
mutation that can affect future generations
Forming proteins based on information in DNA and carried out by RNA