In the Belize district, the poor people experience high levels of unemployment, especially when looking at single-parent families with mothers as the only source of Income. According to the statistics from Professor Compton Bourne, second in line, with a poverty rate at 30%- 40% of the population (Bourne, 2005) Currently, 51 . 1% of the population uses at most five dollars a day for consumption. This is an incredibly small amount for someone to survive on. In Belize, there are a lot of poor people who are not well-educated and most lack technical and vocational kills.
This leads to crime such as theft, robbery, burglary, drug trade and murder, just to name a few. Although poverty affects all age groups, children are especially affected because they are dependent on adults for their survival. The way to rectify poverty in Belize is by improving the educational system that’s currently in Belize so that these poverty stricken children will be able to escape this horrendous ordeal. This can be done if the Government of Belize duplicates and executed a successful poverty alleviation strategy from other third world and developing countries.
By doing this, poverty in Belize can be alleviated drastically. The aim is to find out if poverty has an effect on these students and if poverty and other problems associated with poverty would be alleviated if they were given the opportunity to continue higher learning. This research will be of interest to policymakers, researchers, teachers and students interested in child poverty or education. Literature Review The most important strategy that can be done in order to alleviate poverty is providing better education for the less fortunate in the country.
Having a good education will give residents the skills and flexibility they need in our increasingly globalizes world and it will give them the capacity to do almost anything. Baker stated that Education is the only sure fire way to reduce poverty (Baker, 2007). Currently Schools in Belize serve the educational needs of the affluent and fail to educate the underprivileged. Baker goes on to state that several impoverished nations around the world were lacking tremendously in their education programs for children and adults (Baker, 2007).
The Government of Belize can make mandatory saws such as was imposed by Else & Camaraderie so children stay in school longer, and tuition fees for the less fortunate is decreased or altogether eliminated. For older adults, the Government can create more vocational training school and entrepreneur Camaraderie brought up the idea that since education was so limited in third world countries, illiteracy was becoming a significant problem for people looking for work (Else & Camaraderie, 2002).
They went on to mentioned that if education were made a higher priority in third world and developing countries, many children would become iterate and would thus aid their efforts in finding Jobs once they enter into adulthood. I believe that this is an excellent point in the sense that literacy rates among Belize and other impoverished nations are extremely low. According to a website called installations. Org, nearly 20 of the world’s countries with the lowest Human Development Index rated below 50% in adult literacy.
In other words, 50% or more of adults in the world’s most underdeveloped countries are illiterate. “If there is opportunity for advanced education for those who qualify regardless of means,” hen there is a chance that the children of the families of the underprivileged, without their hindering inconveniences, will come to their full potential as adults (Macaque & Oliver, 2012). They believes that the availability of a good education to the children of the poverty-stricken families comes second to adequate income in breaking the cycle of poverty.
I agree that if education and training were made available to the children of poverty-stricken families then these children upon reaching adulthood would have the means to secure a well-paying position thus alleviating the cycle of poverty in their families. Kim & Swoon believes it’s an important role of the Government to promote and support education. “Children need to have the tools available to them in order to learn to go to high school, college, and beyond to gain the finances to support not only themselves, but also their families (Kim & Swoon, 2012).
By having education available for children and having people that support and believe in the education of children can reduce poverty for many people and give these children the opportunity to live a poverty-free life. Baker stated that long with education, comes the education of condom use and birth control. Poverty grows exponentially; the more people within a family the greater the chance of falling even further below the poverty line (Baker, 2007). Many of these families in Belize that are below the poverty line don’t have an education and don’t have any means to understand the practices of safe sex.
Many people who aren’t able to take care of themselves are finding themselves with babies that they too cannot take care. It is very clear that education enhances the probability of finding employment and thus an be very directly linked to poverty reduction. Data Collection Method Research Design Setting & Participants Sample Variables The research study will be done using a mixture of both the qualitative and were given government aid and the progress of public workers and unemployed in the highly concentrated impoverish communities in Belize.
The research questions will be answered using both quantitative and qualitative data. The research design will consist of questionnaires, surveys, checklists and open-ended questions. This is an effective method for this research because it is inexpensive, and the data will be say to compare and analyze. It can be distributed via many ways such as paper, online and verbally. By using this specific type of research design, the respondents can remain anonymous. Demographics questions will be administered first to help respondents get started comfortably.
Dichotomous and multiple choice questions will be used and a few open-ended questions. The study will take place in selected communities in each district in Belize. Ten schools will be selected to participate in this study; classes included will range from Standard Six to Fourth Form. These schools that are selected are schools with high poverty levels where a majority of the students are perceived to be living on or below the poverty. Two hundred students ranging from twelve to twenty years old attending the selected public schools will be used as participants.
Informed consent will be obtained from parents or legal guardians, and an incentive will be used so that students will be motivated to get their informed consent papers signed. The second section of the survey will be done in other selected low income neighborhoods in the various districts. Two hundred employed and unemployed adults will be selected to participate and will be required to sign a consent form. The sample technique that will be used for this research proposal will be stratified random sample.
The population will be separated into mutually exclusive sets and then simple random samples will be drawn from each stratum. After the population has been stratified, simple random sampling will be used to generate the complete sample. Data Presentation & Analysis The data presentation for the research proposal will be given in two sections; the first section that would be analyzed is the student’s responses and the second is the public workers responses. A short statement will be given as to why the survey was conducted; a description of the respondents who participated will also be given, and conducted.
The data will be analyzed using Microsoft Excels Data Analysis option. Visual aids such as tables, illustrations, and graphs enhance the process of presenting research results. These types of visual aids will allow the presenter to be more effective and to capture the audience’s full attention. The questionnaires will e reviewed, encompassing the questionnaires and open-ended questions and one general comments section. The first question in the questionnaire asked how poverty affected the respondent and their family.
Given the wide range of possible answers, four levels of impact will be developed: greatly, moderately, slightly and not at all. All of the responses to this question will be assigned to one of these categories. Answers of ‘greatly were those indicating a constant struggle to pay bills or those stating that the respondent has inadequate housing. Answers considered ‘moderate’ included asses where the respondents’ household wasn’t directly impacted by poverty but who regularly provided support to a member of their family who was living in poverty.
Answers considered ‘slight’ were those from people not directly impacted by poverty but who indicated they felt its affects through work, volunteering in their community, through the taxes and other financial contributions they regularly make, and those who stated that poverty is a concern to them even if they don’t directly feel its affects. The last category, ‘not at all’, only included responses that repeated identical or animal words.
Conclusion Ethical Considerations Limitations Recommendations The findings of the study will be limited because of the decrease in the original number of teachers and students due to the transient, mobile population. Student sample size will also be decreased and may affect the outcome as some people will unable to participate in the research. Only clearly determined population and sampling settings were considered; reference to other settings may have produced different results. The extent to which the research findings can be generalized will require further investigation.
Because of lack of finance to hire professional researchers to assist in the research, there is a probability of incorrect measurements being taken. There is also a probability of mistakes being made during transcription from primary sources, inaccurate recording of data due to misinterpretation of terms, or inaccurate responses to questions concerning sensitive issues. Although it’s impossible to eliminate poverty completely, by implementing a strategic educational system, poverty can be alleviated. It is evident that the role of education is important in providing a route out of poverty.